Different Types of Flooring Tiles in Pakistan
Pakistan has a rich history of different types of flooring tiles making, with a variety of styles and techniques developed over the centuries. Some of the most well-known types of tiles in Pakistan include Multani tiles, Mosaic tiles, and hand-painted tiles etc. These tiles are an important part of Pakistan’s cultural heritage and are still widely used in both traditional and modern architecture.
Tiles in Pakistan are available in a variety, each with their own advantages and disadvantages. The cost, durability, appearance, and manufacturing method of tiles are some of the factors that differentiate one type of tile from another. Some tiles may be more expensive but more durable, while others may be less expensive but less durable. Appearance is another important factor, as different tiles may come in a variety of colors, patterns, and textures to suit different design styles. Additionally, the manufacturing method of tiles can also impact their properties, such as their strength, water resistance, and texture.
The shape and size of tiles are also important factors to consider when choosing the right tiles for a project. In Pakistan, tiles are available in a variety of shapes and sizes, such as square, rectangular, hexagonal, and even custom shapes. The size of the tiles can also vary, ranging from small mosaic tiles to large-format tiles. The choice of shape and size will depend on the specific needs of the project, such as the size of the room, the style of the design, and the installation method. For example, larger tiles can create a more seamless and uniform look in a space, while smaller tiles can be used to create intricate patterns and designs. Additionally, the shape of the tiles can also impact the overall feel of the space, with different shapes lending themselves to different design styles.
Tiles are used for various reasons. One of the main benefits of using tiles is that they are durable and long-lasting, making them a popular choice for high-traffic areas such as kitchens, bathrooms, and entryways. They are also relatively easy to clean and maintain, making them perfect for areas that are prone to spills and stains.
In addition to their practical benefits, tiles are also commonly used for decorative purposes. They come in a variety of colors, patterns, and textures, making them a versatile design element that can be used to create a wide range of looks and styles. Tiles are used in a variety of settings, including homes, offices, public buildings, and outdoor spaces. Some common applications of tiles include:
- Outdoor spaces
- Swimming Pools
Before we go in detail about the types of tiles available in Pakistan, we must understand what is grouting. Grout is a material used to fill the gaps between tiles, creating a smooth and even surface. It is typically made from a mixture of cement, sand, and water, although there are also pre-mixed grouts available.
There are two common types of grout used in home installations, Portland cement-based grout and epoxy-based grout. Sanded grout is typically used for joints larger than 1/8th of an inch, while unsanded grout is used for joints smaller than 1/8th of an inch. Grout can be pigmented to achieve a wide range of colors, and the color and thickness of the grout can significantly impact the overall appearance of the tiled surface.
Although, many people categorize marble, travertine and granite as tiles. But these are stones and will not be discussed in this blog. Here, we will be discussing the types of tiles, which are manufactured and are available in Pakistan. These include:
- Ceramic Tiles
- Porcelain Tiles
- Terracotta Tiles
- Khaprail/Shingles Tiles
- Glass Tiles
- Vinyl Tiles
An estimated comparison of the cost of these tiles has been shared at the end of this article.
Tiles can also be broadly categorized as glazed or unglazed based on their surface treatment. Here’s a brief overview of both types:
- Glazed tiles: Glazed tiles have a coating of liquid glass that is baked onto the surface of the tile at high temperatures, making it resistant to stains, scratches, and moisture. Glazed tiles are available in a wide range of colors, patterns, and finishes, making them popular for decorative purposes. Ceramic, porcelain, and glass tiles are often glazed.
- Unglazed tiles: Unglazed tiles have a natural, raw finish that can be smooth or textured. Unglazed tiles are more slip-resistant than glazed tiles, making them a popular choice for floors and outdoor spaces. However, they are more prone to staining and require sealing to protect against moisture. Terracotta, quarry, and some types of porcelain tiles are examples of unglazed tiles.
It’s important to note that not all tiles fall neatly into one of these categories, and there are many variations and hybrids between glazed and unglazed tiles.
CERAMIC AND PORCELAIN TILES
Porcelain and ceramic tiles are both made from clay and other natural materials and are used for similar purposes, but there are some key differences between the two types of tiles. Here are some of the main differences:
- Porcelain tiles are made from a mixture of clay, feldspar, and other minerals, while ceramic tiles are made from a mixture of clay and other natural materials.
- Tiles are fired at higher temperatures and for longer periods than ceramic tiles. This process, called vitrification, causes the materials to fuse together and become extremely hard and dense. Ceramic tiles are fired at lower temperatures, which make them less dense and more porous.
- Porcelain tiles are more durable than ceramic tiles due to their density and hardness. They are highly resistant to scratches, stains, and moisture, making them ideal for high-traffic areas. Ceramic tiles are less durable and can be more prone to chipping and cracking.
- Porcelain tiles have a lower water absorption rate than ceramic tiles, which makes them more resistant to water damage. Porcelain tiles are often used in areas with high moisture, such as bathrooms and kitchens.
- Porcelain tiles are generally more expensive than ceramic tiles due to their manufacturing process and durability.
The choice of tiles for a home depends on several factors such as the intended use, design, and budget. However, here are some general recommendations for using tiles in a home:
- Porcelain tiles are recommended for high-traffic areas such as living rooms, kitchens, and hallways because they are durable, easy to maintain, and resistant to stains and moisture. For a warmer feel, natural stone tiles such as marble, granite, and limestone are also an option.
- Porcelain or ceramic tiles are recommended for bathroom walls and floors because they are water-resistant, durable, and easy to clean. Additionally, mosaic tiles can be used for backsplashes and decorative features.
- Porcelain or ceramic tiles are recommended for kitchen walls and floors because they are easy to clean and maintain, and resistant to moisture and stains. Natural stone tiles can also be used for a more luxurious look.
- Porcelain tiles are recommended for outdoor spaces such as patios and decks because they are durable and resistant to weather and moisture.
It is also important to consider the color, size, and texture of the tiles to ensure they match the design and style of the home. Additionally, it is important to choose tiles that are easy to clean and maintain, and that fit within the budget.
Terracotta tiles are tiles made from fired clay, which gives them a warm, earthy color and a slightly rough texture. Terracotta tiles have been used for centuries, particularly in Mediterranean countries, and they are still popular today for their natural beauty and durability.
Terracotta tiles come in a variety of shapes and sizes, from square to rectangular to hexagonal. They can be glazed or unglazed, depending on the desired look and functionality. Glazed terracotta tiles are coated with a protective layer of glass, which makes them more water-resistant and easier to clean. Unglazed terracotta tiles are more porous and absorbent, making them better suited for outdoor use or areas with low foot traffic.
Terracotta tiles are often used for flooring, particularly in rustic or traditional settings. They can also be used for walls, backsplashes, and other decorative features. Because of their natural color and texture, terracotta tiles can add warmth and character to a space. However, they do require regular maintenance, such as sealing, to protect them from water damage and stains.
Pros and Cons of using Terracotta Tiles
Terracotta tiles have both advantages and disadvantages that should be considered before deciding to use them in a project. Here are some of the main pros and cons of using terracotta tiles:
- Terracotta tiles have a warm, earthy color and texture that can add character and charm to a space. They can create a rustic or traditional look that is timeless and classic.
- Terracotta tiles are known for their durability and longevity. They can withstand heavy foot traffic and are resistant to scratches and chipping.
- Terracotta tiles are made from natural materials and are environmentally friendly. They are also recyclable and can be repurposed or reused in other projects.
- Terracotta tiles are porous and can absorb moisture, which can lead to staining or damage if not properly sealed. They require regular maintenance to prevent this.
- Terracotta tiles are fragile and can be prone to cracking or breaking, especially if they are not installed correctly or subjected to heavy impact.
- Terracotta tiles are generally only available in natural, earthy colors, which may not be suitable for all design styles or preferences.
- Terracotta tiles can be more expensive than other flooring options, such as ceramic or vinyl tiles.
Khaprail / Shingles
Khaprail tiles, also known as terracotta roof tiles, are a traditional roofing material that is commonly used in Pakistan and other parts of South Asia. Khaprail tiles are made from terracotta clay, which is a type of clay that is fired at high temperatures to create a hard, durable material.
Khaprail tiles are typically used to cover the roofs of houses, mosques, and other buildings. They are laid in overlapping rows, with each tile interlocking with the tiles next to it to create a watertight seal. Khaprail tiles are valued for their ability to keep buildings cool in hot weather, as well as their durability and resistance to weathering.
Khaprail tiles come in a variety of shapes and sizes, ranging from simple flat tiles to more ornate curved tiles. They are often left unglazed, allowing the natural color and texture of the terracotta clay to show through. Some khaprail tiles may be coated with a protective layer of sealant to help prevent water penetration and extend the life of the tiles.
Glass tiles are a type of tile that is made from glass and can be used for a variety of purposes, such as walls, floors, and backsplashes. They can be found in a variety of sizes, colors, and patterns and they can be combined with other materials, such as ceramic, metal or natural stone, to create unique and interesting designs.
Glass tiles are available in Pakistan and are becoming increasingly popular in modern and contemporary interior designs. They are often used as decorative accents or as a focal point in backsplashes, shower enclosures, and feature walls. These tiles can be clear, frosted, or colored, and they can be smooth or textured. They can also be installed in a variety of patterns, such as mosaic patterns, subway patterns, or stacked patterns. Because glass tiles are translucent, they can be used to create interesting lighting effects or to allow light to pass through a space. Glass tiles are a popular choice for kitchens and bathrooms because they are non-porous and resistant to water damage, stains, and mildew.
When considering using glass tiles in Pakistan, it is important to work with a reputable installer who has experience with glass tiles, as they can be more difficult to install than other types of tiles. It is also important to ensure that the glass tiles meet safety standards and are suitable for the intended application, as some types of glass tiles may not be suitable for high-traffic areas or wet environments.
Pros and Cons:
Glass tiles are a beautiful and versatile option for many design styles, but like any material, they have both advantages and disadvantages. Here are some of the main pros and cons of using glass tiles:
- Glass tiles are available in a wide range of colors, sizes, and finishes, making them a versatile option for many design styles. They can add a modern, sleek look to a space and create interesting lighting effects.
- Glass tiles are resistant to water damage, stains, and mildew, making them a good choice for high-moisture areas like bathrooms and kitchens.
- Glass tiles are easy to clean and maintain, as they do not require sealing and can be wiped clean with a damp cloth.
- Glass tiles are often made from recycled materials, making them an eco-friendly choice for environmentally conscious consumers.
- Glass tiles can be more expensive than other types of tiles, especially if they are custom-made or have intricate designs.
- Glass tiles can be more difficult to install than other types of tiles, as they require careful cutting and handling to prevent chipping and cracking.
- Glass tiles can be slippery when wet, making them less suitable for high-traffic areas or for use on floors.
- Glass tiles can be vulnerable to scratches from abrasive materials and may require more frequent cleaning to maintain their appearance.
Vinyl tiles are a type of flooring material made from polyvinyl chloride (PVC) resin and other additives. They are available in a wide range of styles, colors, and patterns, and can be designed to mimic the look of natural materials like wood, stone, or ceramic.
Vinyl tiles are typically sold in individual units, ranging in size from 9″x9″ to 18″x18″, and are designed to be installed directly over a prepared subfloor. They can be installed using a variety of methods, including adhesive, click-and-lock, or loose lay. Some vinyl tiles may also come with a built-in adhesive backing for easy installation.
Another advantage of vinyl tiles is their affordability. They are generally less expensive than natural materials like wood or stone, and can be a good option for homeowners who want a high-end look without the high cost.
However, there are some potential drawbacks to using vinyl tiles. They can be prone to fading or yellowing over time, particularly in areas with high levels of sunlight or UV exposure. They can also be susceptible to dents and tears from sharp or heavy objects, and may not be as durable as natural materials in the long term.
- Vinyl tiles are highly durable and resistant to scratches, stains, and water damage. This makes them ideal for high-traffic areas such as kitchens and bathrooms.
- Vinyl tiles are a cost-effective option, making them an attractive choice for homeowners on a budget.
- Vinyl tiles can be installed easily over a variety of subfloor types, and many come with self-adhesive backing, eliminating the need for messy adhesive application.
- Vinyl tiles require minimal maintenance, and can be easily cleaned with a broom, mop, or vacuum.
- Vinyl tiles are available in a wide range of styles, colors, and patterns, allowing homeowners to achieve a desired aesthetic without breaking the bank.
- Vinyl tiles can be damaged by sharp objects or heavy furniture, and are not as durable as natural materials like stone or hardwood.
- Vinyl tiles can fade over time, particularly when exposed to sunlight or UV rays.
- Vinyl tiles are made from PVC and other synthetic materials, making them a less eco-friendly option than natural materials like wood or stone.
- If a vinyl tile becomes damaged, it can be difficult to replace without damaging surrounding tiles.
- Vinyl tiles can expand or contract with temperature changes, leading to warping or buckling if installed improperly.
As mentioned before, the cost of each type of tile can vary based on several factors, such as the quality, size, design, and location of purchase.
- Ceramic Tiles: approximately 2200 to 5000 Rupees per square meter
- Porcelain Tiles: approximately 2500 to 8000 Rupees per square meter
- Terracotta Tiles: approximately 150 to 600 Rupees per square feet
- Glass Tiles: approximately 450 to 1500 Rupees per piece (assuming each piece is around 30cm x 30cm)
- Vinyl Tiles: approximately 140 to 300 Rupees per square feet
Again, these are just rough estimates and the actual cost can vary based on the aforementioned factors. In conclusion, Pakistan offers a diverse range of tiles to choose from for flooring and wall covering options. Ceramic tiles are the most commonly used type of tiles due to their availability and affordability. Porcelain tiles have become increasingly popular due to their durability and luxurious appearance. Terracotta tiles offer rustic designs for those looking for something different. Whether it’s a traditional, rustic or modern look you’re after, there is a tile available to suit your style and budget in Pakistan.
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